SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services
Specialist High Skills Majors

SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

The SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services enables students to build a foundation of sector-focused knowledge and skills before graduating and entering apprenticeship training, college, university, or an entry-level position in the workplace. Where local circumstances allow, boards may elect to offer one or more variants of the SHSM in a given sector, each with a particular area of focus. This SHSM may be designed to have a particular focus – for example, on legal services, policing and private security services, the armed forces, or correctional services. This focus is achieved through the selection of the four major credits in the bundle.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

For local labour market opportunities in the sector, see your local SHSM contact at the board office.

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INSIGHT

The requirements of this SHSM are unique and are geared to the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector. However, the design of all SHSM programs follows a consistent model, described in Section A: Policy.

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Required Components for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

The SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services has the following five required components:

1. A bundle of eight Grade 11 and Grade 12 credits

These credits make up the bundle:

  • four justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits that provide sector-specific knowledge and skills. The four courses must include at least one Grade 11 and one Grade 12 credit, and may include one cooperative education credit related to the sector. (This cooperative education credit would be additional to the two that are required in the bundle; see below);
  • two other required credits from the Ontario curriculum. Schools may commit to including a contextualized learning activity (CLA) for the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector in each of the two credits. In each credit, some of the course expectations are then met through the CLA. (Schools that do not formally commit to including CLAs are still free to offer them in one or more of the credits.) The two credits include:
    • one in English1 and
    • one in mathematics;
  • two cooperative education credits that provide authentic learning experiences in a workplace setting, enabling students to refine, extend, apply, and practise knowledge and skills outlined in the cooperative education curriculum as well as sector-specific knowledge and skills.

1. Note that a compulsory English credit is required in Grade 11 and in Grade 12 for graduation with an OSSD. Schools may determine whether the CLA, if offered, is completed in the Grade 11 or Grade 12 English course.

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See Section A1.2 for more on SHSM credits and CLAs.



Credits
Apprenticeship Training
Grades 11–12

College
Grades 11–12

University
Grades 11–12

Workplace
Grades 11–12
Major Credits
One credit may be substituted with a cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
English may include a CLA 1 1 1 1
Mathematics may include a CLA 1 1 1 1
Cooperative Education 2 2 2 2
Total number of credits 8 8 8 8

2. Sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs

This SHSM sector requires students to complete a specified number of compulsory and elective sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs, as indicated in the following table. NOTE: Where an item in the table is capitalized, it is the proper name of the specific certification or training course/program that is appropriate for the SHSM. Where an item is lowercased, it is the name of an area, type, or category of training for which specific certifications or training courses/programs should be selected by the school or board. The requirements are summarized in the table below.

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See Section A1.3 for more on SHSM certifications and training.

Four (4) compulsory
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) – Level C or Health Care Provider (HCP); both include automated external defibrillation (AED) conflict resolution Standard First Aid Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – generic (i.e., not site-specific) instruction
Three (3) electives from the list below
advanced training in a technique (e.g., climbing) advanced training in a technology (309) ambulation, lifting, and transfer animal first aid
anti-oppression and allyship training basic electrical safety compass/map/global positioning system (GPS) concussion awareness
confined space awareness customer service defensive driving emergency preparedness – basic
emergency response techniques emergency services tools (e.g., fire hose) ethical considerations fall protection
fire safety and fire extinguisher use first aid/CPR/AED awareness geographic information system (GIS) group dynamics
health and safety – basic incident management infection control ladder safety training
leadership skills legal terminology/ language of law legal/administrative procedures (e.g., handling subpoenas) life-saving (Bronze Cross or higher)
lockout/tagging marine safety/marine first aid mental health awareness* Mental Health First Aid
military – basic non-violent crisis intervention personality inventory Pleasure Craft Operator
portfolio development project management radio operator safe weapon handling
search and rescue sector-specific software 1 self-defence wilderness first aid
wilderness survival Working at Heights    

* approved by and delivered under the direction of the school board's Mental Health Leader

3. Experiential learning and career exploration activities

Experiential learning and career exploration opportunities relevant to the sector might include the following:

  • one-on-one observation of a cooperative education student at a placement in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector (an example of job twinning)
  • a day-long observation of a justice, community safety, and emergency services sector employer or employee (an example of job shadowing)
  • a one- or two-week work experience with a municipal government official or a professional in the sector (an example of work experience)
  • a volunteer experience accompanying an emergency first aid provider at a community event
  • a leadership experience in a school related to drug-use awareness
  • a visit to a detention centre
  • a monitoring experience in a traffic court or in a courtroom of a trial, which is open to the public
  • a visit to a fire hall or a military base, or attendance at an emergency services career fair
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See Section A1.4 for more on experiential learning and career exploration activities.

POLICY

Note that volunteer activities in an SHSM cannot be counted towards the hours of community involvement required to earn the OSSD.

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4. Reach ahead experiences

Students are provided one or more reach ahead experiences – opportunities to take the next steps along their chosen pathway – as shown in the following examples:

  • Apprenticeship: visiting an approved apprenticeship delivery agent in the sector
  • College: interviewing a college student enrolled in a sector-specific program
  • University: observing a university class in a sector-related program
  • Workplace: interviewing an employee in the sector
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See Section A1.5 for more on reach ahead experiences.

5. Sector-partnered experiences (SPEs)

Students engage with a sector partner and apply skills to gain insight into the relationship between this sector and ICE (innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship), coding, and/or mathematical literacy.

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See Section A1.6 for more on sector-partnered experiences (SPEs).

Pathways for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

See the table illustrating the four pathways and required credits leading to completion of this SHSM.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

Visit the ministry's SHSM website for related resources.

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Awareness building (Grades 7 and 8)

See Section B3.4 for information on building awareness of SHSM programs among students in Grades 7 and 8.

Exploration (Grades 9 and 10)

See Section B3.4 for information on providing Grade 9 and 10 students with opportunities for exploration of SHSM programs. In addition, students considering this SHSM can be encouraged to enrol in the following courses to become better informed about careers and postsecondary options in the sector:

  • Career Studies (compulsory) and Discovering the Workplace: Some of the expectations in these Grade 10 courses provide opportunities for students to explore occupations and other postsecondary options in the sector and to participate in experiential learning activities.
  • Civics (compulsory): This Grade 10 course enables students to explore what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada.
  • Healthy Active Living Education: These Grade 9 and 10 courses are recommended for all students who are considering enrolling in an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services program. The courses emphasize regular participation in a variety of physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living.
  • Information and Communication Technology in Business: Expectations in this Grade 9 or 10 course build a foundation of digital literacy skills that are needed in the work environments in this sector.
  • Introduction to Computer Studies (ICS2O) or Computer Technology (TEJ20): These courses are recommended for any Grade 10 student who is considering enrolling in an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services program. They provide students with opportunities to explore the ICT sector, identify personal interests and aptitudes, and gain a better understanding of the computer skills and digital literacy required in this sector.

Specialization (Grades 11 and 12)

Students acquire the sector-specific knowledge and technical skills required to earn their Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services by completing its five required components. Students and their parents/guardians are encouraged to consult with guidance counsellors and teachers to select the courses that will enable students to pursue their goals.

Sector representatives emphasize the importance of computer skills and digital literacy – a knowledge of and comfort with the digital environment. Students should consider taking courses in communications technology and/or computer technology to build these skills.

Some experiential learning placements may require students to undergo a police check as a prerequisite for participation in the experience.

Entry tests for some of the careers in this sector require a high standard of physical fitness. Therefore, students who are interested in such careers are encouraged to take physical education courses to improve their physical condition and develop leadership skills.

Students are also encouraged to pursue additional courses in social sciences and the humanities or Canadian and world studies to be exposed to issues of group dynamics and conflict resolution. Knowledge and skill in these areas are critical for response and practice in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector.

Students pursuing a university pathway are advised to complete their required cooperative education credits in Grade 11, in order to allow room in their timetables in Grade 12 for credits needed to meet university entrance requirements.

Program Pathways: SHSM–Justice, Community Safety and Emergency Services

This template shows program requirements for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services in Grades 11 and 12, along with some of the additional credits needed for an OSSD. It is provided to help guide students in choosing the credits they need to meet the SHSM requirements in the pathway of their choice. Students should always review their pathways plan with their parents/guardians and their teachers to ensure that they have all the credits they need to graduate with an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services.

  • Shaded boxes represent required credits in the bundle for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services.
  • (C) represents a compulsory credit for the OSSD.
  • The SHSM bundle of credits must include two cooperative education credits, but may include a maximum of three. The possible options are noted below, and explained fully in Section A1.2 of this guide.
Apprenticeship Training Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
College Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
University Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
Workplace Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11)
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12)

* A contextualized learning activity (CLA) must be included in the course in schools that have committed to offering CLAs (see "Other Required Credits" in section A1.2). (Note that students must take Grade 11 and Grade 12 English to graduate with an OSSD, but the CLA may be offered in either grade.)

** May be taken the summer before Grade 11

Note: To guide students and teachers in the development of their SHSM program, schools can access the latest approved SHSM course list for each sector through their SHSM board lead.

Occupations in the Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services Sector

The following table provides examples of occupations in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector, with corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, sorted according to the type of postsecondary education or training the occupations would normally require.

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See Part 2 of the Introduction for more on occupations and NOC codes.

Apprenticeship Training College
  • This sector does not currently offer apprenticeship training opportunities
  • Air traffic controllers and related occupations 2272
  • Commissioned police officers 0431
  • Court reporters, medical transcriptionists, and related occupations 1251
  • Employment insurance, immigration, border services, and revenue officers 1228
  • Firefighters 4312
  • Forest fire officers 2223
  • Other administrative services managers 0114

 

University Workplace
  • Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces 0433
  • Lawyers and Quebec notaries 4112
  • Other managers in public administration 0414
  • Other professional occupations in social science 4169
  • Probation and parole officers and related occupations 4155
  • Security guards and related security service occupations 6541
  • Social policy researchers, consultants, and program officers 4164
  • By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers 4423
  • Court clerks 1416
  • Court services officers 1227
  • Probation and parole officers and related occupations 6462
  • Security guards and related security service occupations 6651
  • Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers 1211

Note: This information is based on the 2016 NOC. An update to the NOC in 2016 resulted in changes to the codes and titles for some occupations, and in some cases to the occupations included in the group. For more detail, refer to the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development (MLTSD) web page, Ontario's Labour Market (https://www.ontario.ca/page/labour-market). (Note also that some of the names of occupations listed here reflect common usage in the sector and may differ slightly from those used in the NOC system.)

Postsecondary Programs and Training in the Justice, Community Safety, and Emegency Services Sector

The following are examples of programs and training related to careers in the justice, community safety, and emegency services sector and the accreditations associated with each.

Apprenticeship Training
This sector does not offer apprenticeship training opportunities.

 

College
911 Emergency Call Center Communications Diploma
Aboriginal Law and Advocacy Diploma
Applied Human Services - Police Studies Diploma
Community and Justice Services (Correctional Worker) Diploma
Corporate Security and Risk Management Diploma
Customs Border Services Diploma
Disaster Management Diploma
Emergency Telecommunications Diploma
Fire Fighter Education and Training Diploma
Fire Protection Engineering Technician/Technologist Diploma
Law and Security Administration Diploma
Law Clerk Diploma
Paralegal Diploma
Police Foundations Diploma
Police Studies Diploma

 

University
Conflict Studiest Bachelor's degree
Emergency Management Bachelor's degree
Forensics and Crimiology Bachelor's degree
Global Political Studies Bachelor's degree
Human Resources and Labour Relations Bachelor's degree
Human Rights Bachelor's degree
Justice Studies Bachelor's degree
Law Bachelor's degree
Law, Crime, and Deviance Bachelor's degree
Law, Policies, and Government Bachelor's degree
Legal studies Bachelor's degree
Military Psychology and Leadership Bachelor's degree
Native Human Rights Bachelor's degree
Policing and Criminal Justice Bachelor's degree
Political Science Bachelor's degree
Politics Bachelor's degree
Politics and Economics Bachelor's degree
Social Jusitce and Equity Studies Bachelor's degree
Social Policy Bachelor's degree
Urban Studies Bachelor's degree

 

Training for the Workplace
Crisis Management and Human Psychology Certificate
Emergency Management Certificate
Forensice Accounting and Fraud Investigation Certificate
Fundamentals of Police Foundations Certificate
Legal and Corporate Administration Certificate
Military Arts and Science Certificate
Municiple Administration Certificate
Paralegal Foundations Certificate
Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Certificate
Public and Private Investigation Certificate