SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services
Specialist High Skills Majors

SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

The SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services enables students to build a foundation of sector-focused knowledge and skills before graduating and entering apprenticeship training, college, university, or an entry-level position in the workplace. Where local circumstances allow, boards may elect to offer one or more variants of the SHSM in a given sector, each with a particular area of focus. This SHSM may be designed to have a particular focus – for example, on legal services, policing and private security services, the armed forces, or correctional services. This focus is achieved through the selection of the four major credits in the bundle.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

For local labour market opportunities in the sector, see your local SHSM contact at the board office.

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INSIGHT

The requirements of this SHSM are unique and are geared to the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector. However, the design of all SHSM programs follows a consistent model, described in Section A: Policy.

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Required Components for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

The SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services has the following five required components:

1. A bundle of eight Grade 11 and Grade 12 credits

These credits make up the bundle:

  • four justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits that provide sector-specific knowledge and skills. The four courses must include at least one Grade 11 and one Grade 12 credit, and may include one cooperative education credit related to the sector. (This cooperative education credit would be additional to the two that are required in the bundle; see below);
  • two other required credits from the Ontario curriculum, in each of which some expectations must be met through a contextualized learning activity (CLA) for the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector. The two credits include:
    • one in English1 and
    • one in mathematics;
  • two cooperative education credits that provide authentic learning experiences in a workplace setting, enabling students to refine, extend, apply, and practise sector-specific knowledge and skills.

1. Note that a compulsory English credit is required in Grade 11 and in Grade 12 for graduation with an OSSD. Schools may determine whether the CLA, required for the SHSM bundle of credits, is completed in the Grade 11 or Grade 12 English course.

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See Section A1.2 for more on SHSM credits.



Credits
Apprenticeship Training
Grades 11–12

College
Grades 11–12

University
Grades 11–12

Workplace
Grades 11–12
Major Credits
One credit may be substituted with a cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
English including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Mathematics including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Cooperative Education 2 2 2 2
Total number of credits 8 8 8 8

2. Sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs

This SHSM sector requires students to complete a specified number of compulsory and elective sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs, as indicated in the following table. NOTE: Where an item in the table is capitalized, it is the proper name of the specific certification or training course/program that is appropriate for the SHSM. Where an item is lowercased, it is the name of an area, type, or category of training for which specific certifications or training courses/programs should be selected by the school or board. The requirements are summarized in the table below.

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See Section A1.3 for more on SHSM certifications and training.

Four (4) compulsory
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Level C – includes automated external defibrillation (AED) conflict resolution Standard First Aid Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – generic (i.e., not site-specific) instruction
Three (3) electives from the list below
advanced training in a technique (e.g., climbing) ambulation, lifting, and transfer animal first aid basic electrical safety
compass/map/global positioning system (GPS) concussion awareness confined space awareness customer service
defensive driving emergency preparedness – basic emergency response techniques emergency services tools (e.g., fire hose)
ethical considerations fall protection fire safety and fire extinguisher use geographic information system (GIS)
group dynamics health and safety – basic incident management Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship (ICE)
ladder safety training leadership skills legal terminology/ language of law legal/administrative procedures (e.g., handling subpoenas)
life-saving (Bronze Cross or higher) lockout/tagging marine safety/marine first aid Mental Health First Aid
military – basic non-violent crisis intervention personality inventory Pleasure Craft Operator
portfolio development project management radio operator SafeTALK
safe weapon handling search and rescue self-defence wilderness first aid
wilderness survival Working at Heights    

3. Experiential learning and career exploration activities

Experiential learning and career exploration opportunities relevant to the sector might include the following:

  • one-on-one observation of a cooperative education student at a placement in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector (an example of job twinning)
  • a day-long observation of a justice, community safety, and emergency services sector employer or employee (an example of job shadowing)
  • a one- or two-week work experience with a municipal government official or a professional in the sector (an example of work experience)
  • a volunteer experience accompanying an emergency first aid provider at a community event
  • a leadership experience in a school related to drug-use awareness
  • a visit to a detention centre
  • a monitoring experience in a traffic court or in a courtroom of a trial, which is open to the public
  • a visit to a fire hall or a military base, or attendance at an emergency services career fair
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See Section A1.4 for more on experiential learning and career exploration activities.

POLICY

Note that volunteer activities in an SHSM cannot be counted towards the hours of community involvement required to earn the OSSD.

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4. Reach ahead experiences

Students are provided one or more reach ahead experiences – opportunities to take the next steps along their chosen pathway – as shown in the following examples:

  • Apprenticeship: visiting an approved apprenticeship delivery agent in the sector
  • College: interviewing a college student enrolled in a sector-specific program
  • University: observing a university class in a sector-related program
  • Workplace: interviewing an employee in the sector
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See Section A1.5 for more on reach ahead experiences.

5. Essential Skills and work habits and the Ontario Skills Passport (OSP)

Students will develop Essential Skills and work habits required in the sector and document them using the OSP, a component of the SHSM.

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See Section A1.6 for more on Essential Skills and work habits.

Pathways for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services

See the table illustrating the four pathways and required credits leading to completion of this SHSM.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

Visit the ministry's SHSM website for related resources.

Tools and Resources icon

Awareness building (Grades 7 and 8)

See Section B3.4 for information on building awareness of SHSM programs among students in Grades 7 and 8.

Exploration (Grades 9 and 10)

See Section B3.4 for information on providing Grade 9 and 10 students with opportunities for exploration of SHSM programs. In addition, students considering this SHSM can be encouraged to enrol in the following courses to become better informed about careers and postsecondary options in the sector:

  • Career Studies (compulsory) and Discovering the Workplace: Some of the expectations in these Grade 10 courses provide opportunities for students to explore occupations and other postsecondary options in the sector and to participate in experiential learning activities.
  • Civics (compulsory): This Grade 10 course enables students to explore what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada.
  • Healthy Active Living Education: These Grade 9 and 10 courses are recommended for all students who are considering enrolling in an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services program. The courses emphasize regular participation in a variety of physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living.
  • Information and Communication Technology in Business: Expectations in this Grade 9 or 10 course build a foundation of digital literacy skills that are needed in the work environments in this sector.
  • Introduction to Computer Studies (ICS2O) or Computer Technology (TEJ20): These courses are recommended for any Grade 10 student who is considering enrolling in an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services program. They provide students with opportunities to explore the ICT sector, identify personal interests and aptitudes, and gain a better understanding of the computer skills and digital literacy required in this sector.

Specialization (Grades 11 and 12)

Students acquire the sector-specific knowledge and technical skills required to earn their Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services by completing its five required components. Students and their parents/guardians are encouraged to consult with guidance counsellors and teachers to select the courses that will enable students to pursue their goals.

Sector representatives emphasize the importance of computer skills and digital literacy – a knowledge of and comfort with the digital environment. Students should consider taking courses in communications technology and/or computer technology to build these skills.

Some experiential learning placements may require students to undergo a police check as a prerequisite for participation in the experience.

Entry tests for some of the careers in this sector require a high standard of physical fitness. Therefore, students who are interested in such careers are encouraged to take physical education courses to improve their physical condition and develop leadership skills.

Students are also encouraged to pursue additional courses in social sciences and the humanities or Canadian and world studies to be exposed to issues of group dynamics and conflict resolution. Knowledge and skill in these areas are critical for response and practice in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector.

Students pursuing a university pathway are advised to complete their required cooperative education credits in Grade 11, in order to allow room in their timetables in Grade 12 for credits needed to meet university entrance requirements.

Program Pathways: SHSM–Justice, Community Safety and Emergency Services

This template shows program requirements for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services in Grades 11 and 12, along with some of the additional credits needed for an OSSD. It is provided to help guide students in choosing the credits they need to meet the SHSM requirements in the pathway of their choice. Students should always review their pathways plan with their parents/guardians and their teachers to ensure that they have all the credits they need to graduate with an SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services.

  • Shaded boxes represent required credits in the bundle for the SHSM–Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services.
  • (C) represents a compulsory credit for the OSSD.
  • The SHSM bundle of credits must include two cooperative education credits, but may include a maximum of three. The possible options are noted below, and explained fully in Section A1.2 of this guide.
Apprenticeship Training Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
College Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
University Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
Workplace Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 justice, community safety, and emergency services major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11)
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12)

* A contextualized learning activity (CLA) must be included in the course. (Note that students must take Grade 11 and Grade 12 English to graduate with an OSSD, but schools may choose to offer the CLA in either grade.)

** May be taken the summer before Grade 11

Note: To guide students and teachers in the development of their SHSM program, schools can access the latest approved SHSM course list for each sector through their SHSM board lead.

Occupations in the Justice, Community Safety, and Emergency Services Sector

The following table provides examples of occupations in the justice, community safety, and emergency services sector, with corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, sorted according to the type of postsecondary education or training the occupations would normally require.

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See Section A1.6 for more on occupations and NOC codes.

Apprenticeship Training College
  • This sector does not yet offer apprenticeship training opportunities.
  • Air Traffic Controller 2272
  • Court Recorder 1244
  • Customs Officer 1228
  • Firefighter 6262
  • Forest Fire Officer 2223
  • Police Officer 6261
  • Security Manager 0114

 

University Workplace
  • Criminologist 4169
  • Disaster Relief Services Coordinator 0414
  • Intelligence Officer 0643
  • Lawyer 4112
  • Military Officer 0643
  • Policy Advisor 4164
  • Probation Officer 4155
  • Youth Worker – Corrections 4155
  • Animal Control Officer 6463
  • Animal Services Worker 6483
  • Bodyguard 6651
  • Correctional Officer 6462
  • Court Clerk 1443
  • Court Services Officer 6461
  • Emergency Centre Operations Officer 1211
  • Emergency Services Dispatcher 1475
  • Municiple Law Enforcement Officer 6463
  • Private Investigator 6465
  • Security Guard 6651
  • Soldier 6464

Note: This information is based on the 2006 NOC. An update to the NOC in 2011 resulted in changes to the codes and titles for many occupations, and in some cases to the occupations included in the group. For more detail, refer to the NOC website. Ontario Job Futures uses information based on the 2006 NOC. (Note also that some of the names of occupations listed here reflect common usage in the sector and may differ slightly from those used in the NOC system.)

Postsecondary Programs and Training in the Justice, Community Safety, and Emegency Services Sector

The following are examples of programs and training related to careers in the justice, community safety, and emegency services sector and the accreditations associated with each.

Apprenticeship Training
This sector does not offer apprenticeship training opportunities.

 

College
911 Emergency Call Center Communications Diploma
Aboriginal Law and Advocacy Diploma
Applied Human Services - Police Studies Diploma
Community and Justice Services (Correctional Worker) Diploma
Corporate Security and Risk Management Diploma
Customs Border Services Diploma
Disaster Management Diploma
Emergency Telecommunications Diploma
Fire Fighter Education and Training Diploma
Fire Protection Engineering Technician/Technologist Diploma
Law and Security Administration Diploma
Law Clerk Diploma
Paralegal Diploma
Police Foundations Diploma
Police Studies Diploma

 

University
Conflict Studiest Bachelor's degree
Emergency Management Bachelor's degree
Forensics and Crimiology Bachelor's degree
Global Political Studies Bachelor's degree
Human Resources and Labour Relations Bachelor's degree
Human Rights Bachelor's degree
Justice Studies Bachelor's degree
Law Bachelor's degree
Law, Crime, and Deviance Bachelor's degree
Law, Policies, and Government Bachelor's degree
Legal studies Bachelor's degree
Military Psychology and Leadership Bachelor's degree
Native Human Rights Bachelor's degree
Policing and Criminal Justice Bachelor's degree
Political Science Bachelor's degree
Politics Bachelor's degree
Politics and Economics Bachelor's degree
Social Jusitce and Equity Studies Bachelor's degree
Social Policy Bachelor's degree
Urban Studies Bachelor's degree

 

Training for the Workplace
Crisis Management and Human Psychology Certificate
Emergency Management Certificate
Forensice Accounting and Fraud Investigation Certificate
Fundamentals of Police Foundations Certificate
Legal and Corporate Administration Certificate
Military Arts and Science Certificate
Municiple Administration Certificate
Paralegal Foundations Certificate
Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Certificate
Public and Private Investigation Certificate