SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Energy
Specialist High Skills Majors

SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Energy

Students enrolled in the SHSM–Energy will be involved in today's rapid and exciting changes in green energy technologies. They will have the opportunity to solve some of the most pressing issues facing modern societies, while having good prospects for a varied career in a dynamic sector. Where local circumstances allow, boards may elect to offer one or more variants of the SHSM in a given sector, each with a particular area of focus. This SHSM may be designed to have a particular focus – for example, on power generation and distribution, renewable and alternative energy, or energy efficienty. This focus is achieved through the selection of the four major credits in the bundle.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

For local labour market opportunities in the sector, see your local SHSM contact at the board office.

Tools and resources icon

INSIGHT

The requirements of this SHSM are unique and are geared to the energy sector. However, the design of all SHSM programs follows a consistent model, described in Section A: Policy.

Insight icon

Required Components for the SHSM–Energy

The SHSM–Energy has the following five required components:

1. A bundle of nine Grade 11 and Grade 12 credits

These credits make up the bundle:

  • four energy major credits that provide sector-specific knowledge and skills. The four courses must include at least one Grade 11 and one Grade 12 credit, and may include one cooperative education credit related to the sector. (This cooperative education credit would be additional to the two that are required in the bundle; see below);
  • three other required credits from the Ontario curriculum, in each of which some expectations must be met through a contextualized learning activity (CLA) for the energy sector. The three credits include:
    • one in English;1
    • one in mathematics; and
    • one in science or business studies or Canadian and world studies (or a cooperative education credit related to the sector, which would be additional to the two cooperative education credits required in the bundle; see below);
  • two cooperative education credits that provide authentic learning experiences in a workplace setting, enabling students to refine, extend, apply, and practise sector-specific knowledge and skills.

1. Note that a compulsory English credit is required in Grade 11 and in Grade 12 for graduation with an OSSD. Schools may determine whether the CLA, required for the SHSM bundle of credits, is completed in the Grade 11 or Grade 12 English course.

Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.2 for more on SHSM credits.



Credits
Apprenticeship Training
Grades 11–12

College
Grades 11–12

University
Grades 11–12

Workplace
Grades 11–12
Major Credits
One credit may be substituted with a cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
English including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Mathematics including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Business Studies or Canadian and World Studies or Science
including a CLA May be substituted with 1 cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
1 1 1 1
Cooperative Education 2 2 2 2
Total number of credits 9 9 9 9

Note: Multiple credits in the Ontario technological education curriculum allow additional instructional time for the practice and refinement of skills needed to develop student performance to the levels required for certification, entry into apprenticeship programs, or participation in school–work transition programs (see The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Technological Education, 2009, page 17).

2. Sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs

This SHSM sector requires students to complete a specified number of compulsory and elective sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs, as indicated in the following table. NOTE: Where an item in the table is capitalized, it is the proper name of the specific certification or training course/program that is appropriate for the SHSM. Where an item is lowercased, it is the name of an area, type, or category of training for which specific certifications or training courses/programs should be selected by the school or board. The requirements are summarized in the table below.

Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.3 for more on SHSM certifications and training.

Three (3) compulsory
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Level C – includes automated external defibrillation (AED) Standard First Aid Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – generic (i.e., not site-specific) instruction
Three (3) electives from the list below
alternative energy basic electrical safety compass/map/global positioning system (GPS) computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
confined space awareness customer service elevated work platforms energy efficiency
ergonomics fall protection fire safety and fire extinguisher use geographic information system (GIS)
hazardous materials health and safety – basic hoisting and rigging Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship (ICE)
ladder safety training leadership skills lockout/tagging ozone-depletion prevention
pipeline construction safety portfolio development project management radiation safety
renewable energy sector-specific vehicle operation and safety trenching safety watershed management
Working at Heights      

3. Experiential learning and career exploration activities

Experiential learning and career exploration opportunities relevant to the sector might include the following:

  • one-on-one observation of a cooperative education student at a placement in the energy sector (an example of job twinning)
  • a day-long observation of an energy sector worker (an example of job shadowing)
  • a one- or two-week work experience with a member of an industry association or a professional in the energy sector (an example of work experience)
  • attendance at an energy sector trade show, a conference, a symposium, or a job fair
  • a tour of an energy-efficient building to explore passive-solar design and green building materials
  • participation in a local, provincial, or national contest or competition with a focus on energy
  • a tour of a wind farm or generating station
  • volunteering with a non-profit organization focused on energy conservation
Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.4 for more on experiential learning and career exploration activities.

POLICY

Note that volunteer activities in an SHSM cannot be counted towards the hours of community involvement required to earn the OSSD.

Policy icon

4. Reach ahead experiences

Students are provided one or more reach ahead experiences – opportunities to take the next steps along their chosen pathway – as shown in the following examples:

  • Apprenticeship: visiting an approved apprenticeship delivery agent in the sector
  • College: interviewing a college student enrolled in a sector-specific program
  • University: observing a university class in a sector-related program
  • Workplace: interviewing an employee in the sector
Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.5 for more on reach ahead experiences.

5. Essential Skills and work habits and the Ontario Skills Passport (OSP)

Students will develop Essential Skills and work habits required in the sector and document them using the OSP, a component of the SHSM.

Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.6 for more on Essential Skills and work habits.

Pathways for the SHSM–Energy

See the table illustrating the four pathways and required credits leading to completion of the SHSM–Energy.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

Visit the ministry's SHSM website for related resources.

Tools and Resources icon

Awareness building (Grades 7 and 8)

See Section B3.4 for information on building awareness of SHSM programs among students in Grades 7 and 8.

Exploration (Grades 9 and 10)

See Section B3.4 for information on providing Grade 9 and 10 students with opportunities for exploration of SHSM programs. In addition, students considering this SHSM can be encouraged to enrol in the following courses to become better informed about careers and postsecondary options related to the energy sector:

  • Exploring Technologies: This Grade 9 course is recommended for all students following SHSM pathways that have a technological education focus. The course provides students with opportunities to explore a variety of technologies, including energy sector technology, by engaging in activities related to them.
  • Career Studies (compulsory) and Discovering the Workplace: Some of the expectations in these Grade 10 courses provide opportunities for students to explore occupations and other postsecondary options in the sector and to participate in experiential learning activities.
  • A Grade 10 course in technological education or business studies: These courses are recommended for any Grade 10 student who is considering enrolling in an SHSM–Energy program. They provide students with opportunities to explore areas of study relevant to the energy sector, identify personal interests and aptitudes, and gain a better understanding of the program.

Specialization (Grades 11 and 12)

Students acquire the sector-specific knowledge and technical skills required to earn their Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with an SHSM–Energy by completing its five required components. Students and their parents/guardians are encouraged to consult with guidance counsellors and teachers to select the courses that will enable students to pursue their goals.

The four major credits for an SHSM–Energy will vary according to the area of focus:

  • Power generation and distribution focuses on energy production on a large scale and may include occupations such as electrical or mechanical engineer, electrician, powerline technician, or process operator. Also included in this area of focus are occupations associated with the construction of generating stations and distribution systems. Major credits for this area of focus might include construction technology, manufacturing technology, technological design, or physics. A construction technology course may concentrate on electricity specifically.
  • Renewable and alternative energy focuses on new and emerging green energy technologies, such as wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, or hydrogen fuel cell technology. Occupations in this area of focus include electromechanical engineer, research and development lab technician, wind turbine technician, or solar panel installer. Major credits for this area of focus might include green industries, resource management, or environmental science.
  • Energy efficiency focuses on reducing energy use by residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional consumers. Occupations in this area include environmental engineer, energy auditor, building renovation tradesperson, or energy systems technologist. Major credits for this area might include construction technology, environmental science, resource management, or entrepreneurship. With the advent of energy-saving building technologies such as green roofs, Green Industries may also be applicable as a major credit for this area of focus.

Students have the option of choosing a science course or a geography course depending on heir SHSM focus and postsecondary plans, as shown in the following examples:

  • Students focusing on power generation and distribution who have an interest in nuclear energy might take a chemistry course, whereas students interested in fossil fuel power generation might take an earth science course.
  • Students focusing on renewable and alternative energy who plan to pursue a career as a research scientist or as a laboratory technician might take a course in environmental science.
  • Students focusing on energy efficiency who are interested in natural resource management might take a physical geography course.
  • Students planning to enter the workplace directly after graduation might take a geography course in resource management.

Students pursuing an apprenticeship training pathway should consider the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP), which enables them to start an apprenticeship while earning their OSSD.

Students pursuing a university pathway are advised to complete their required cooperative education credits in Grade 11, in order to allow room in their timetables in Grade 12 for credits needed to meet university entrance requirements.

When helping students plan their SHSMs, particularly with respect to the selection of courses to fulfil the requirement for credits in the major, teachers should bear in mind that technological education courses can be offered as single-credit or multiple-credit courses.

Program Pathways: SHSM–Energy

This template shows program requirements for the SHSM–Energy in Grades 11 and 12, along with some of the additional credits needed for an OSSD. It is provided to help guide students in choosing the credits they need to meet the SHSM requirements in the pathway of their choice. Students should always review their pathways plan with their parents/guardians and their teachers to ensure that they have all the credits they need to graduate with an SHSM–Energy.

  • Shaded boxes represent required credits in the bundle for the SHSM–Energy.
  • (C) represents a compulsory credit for the OSSD.
  • The SHSM bundle of credits must include two cooperative education credits, but may include a maximum of four. The possible options are noted below, and explained fully in Section A1.2 of this guide.
Apprenticeship Training Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
College Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
University Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
Workplace Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 business studies* or science credit* or Canadian and world studies credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* or Canadian and world studies credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* or Canadian and world studies credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* or Canadian and world studies credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 energy major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 energy major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 energy major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 energy major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11)
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12)

* A contextualized learning activity (CLA) must be included in the course. (Note that students must take Grade 11 and Grade 12 English to graduate with an OSSD, but schools may choose to offer the CLA in either grade.)

** May be taken the summer before Grade 11

Note: To guide students and teachers in the development of their SHSM program, schools can access the latest approved SHSM course list for each sector through their SHSM board lead.

Occupations in the Energy Sector

The following table provides examples of occupations in the energy sector, with corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, sorted according to the type of postsecondary education or training the occupations would normally require. Many of the careers listed below can be obtained by following several different pathways. For example, "Technical Sales Specialist" appears under the college pathway but may also be achieved by following the university or workplace pathway.

Find It icon

FIND IT!

See Section A1.6 for more on occupations and NOC codes.

Apprenticeship Training College
  • Arborist 2225
  • Construction Millwright and Industrial Mechanic 7311
  • Contractor and Supervisor, Electrical Trades and Telecommunications Occupations 7212
  • Contractor and Supervisor, Mechanical Trades 7216
  • Electrical Mechanic 7333
  • Electrical Power Line and Cable Worker 7244
  • Gas Fitter 7253
  • Glazier 7292
  • Industrial Instrument Technician and Mechanic 2243
  • Industrial Electrician 7242
  • Insulator (heat and frost) 7293
  • Machinist, Machining, and Tooling Inspector 7231
  • Petroleum, Gas, and Chemical Process Operator 9232
  • Power System Electrician 7243
  • Power Systems and Power Station Operator 7352
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic 7313
  • Stationary Engineer and Auxiliary Equipment Operator 7351
  • Steamfitter, Pipefitter, and Sprinkler System Installer 7252b
  • Biological Technologist and Technician 2221
  • Civil Engineering Technologist and Technician 2231
  • Construction Electrician 7241
  • Energuide and Quality Control Manager 2264
  • Geological and Mineral Technologist and Technician 2212
  • Geothermal Installer 7251
  • Geothermal System Designer 7213
  • Industrial Engineering Technician 2233
  • Land Surveyor 2154
  • Mapping and Related Technologist and Technician 2255
  • Mechanical Engineer and Technologist 2232
  • Natural and Applied Science Policy Researcher, Consultant, and Program Officer 4161
  • Petroleum, Gas, and Chemical Process Operator 9232
  • Supervisor, Petroleum, Gas, and Chemical Processing and Utilities 9212
  • Technical Sales Specialist – Wholesale Trade 6221
  • Utilities Manager 0912
University Workplace
  • Architects 2151
  • Chemical Engineer 2134
  • Climatologist 2114
  • Economist and Economic Policy Researcher and Analyst 4162
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineer 2133
  • Engineering Manager 0211
  • Environmental Assessor 4161
  • Geological Engineer 2144
  • Mechanical Engineer 2132
  • Petroleum Engineer 2145
  • Physicist 2111
  • Assembler, Fabricator, Inspector and Tester: Motors, Transformers, and Electrical Appliances 9484
  • Electronic Service Technicians 2242
  • Gas Maintenance Workers 7442
  • Home Energy Evaluator 2264
  • Oil and Gas Well Drilling Worker and Services Operator 8412
  • Petroleum, Gas, and Chemical Process Operator 9232
  • Renewable Energy Products Salesperson 6421
  • Residential and Commercial Installer and Servicer 7441
  • Solar Panel Chemical Process Technician 2211
  • Wind Turbine Material Controller 1471

Note: This information is based on the 2006 NOC. An update to the NOC in 2011 resulted in changes to the codes and titles for many occupations, and in some cases to the occupations included in the group. For more detail, refer to the NOC website. Ontario Job Futures uses information based on the 2006 NOC. (Note also that some of the names of occupations listed here reflect common usage in the sector and may differ slightly from those used in the NOC system.)

Postsecondary Programs and Training in the Energy Sector

The following are examples of programs and training related to careers in the energy sector and the accreditations associated with each.

Apprenticeship Training
Electrician – Construction and MaintenanceCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Fitter WelderCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Industrial ElectricianCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Industrial Instrument MechanicCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Industrial Mechanic MillwrightCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Powerline TechnicianCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Process OperatorCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning MechanicCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
SteamfitterCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification

 

College
Architectural Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Building Renovation TechnicianDiploma
Chemical Engineering Technician – EnvironmentalDiploma
Chemical Engineering Technology – Lab and Process ControlDiploma
Civil Engineering Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Construction Engineering TechnicianDiploma
Earth Resources TechnicianDiploma
Electrical Engineering Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Electromechanical Engineering TechnicianDiploma
Energy System Engineering TechnicianDiploma
Energy Systems TechnologyDiploma
Environmental ControlDiploma
Environmental Science Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Gas and Oil Burner Technician/Geomatics TechnicianDiploma
Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)Diploma
Instrumentation Engineering Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Manufacturing EngineeringDiploma
Manufacturing ManagementDiploma
Mechanical Engineering Technician/TechnologistDiploma
Power EngineeringDiploma
Powerline TechnicianDiploma
Quality Assurance – Manufacturing and ManagementDiploma
Renewable Energy TechnicianDiploma
Sustainable Energy and Building TechnologyDiploma
Transportation Engineering TechnologyDiploma
Utilities Systems OperatorDiploma
Wind Turbine TechnicianDiploma

 

University
Architectural ScienceBachelor's degree
ChemistryBachelor's degree
Engineering PhysicsBachelor's degree
Engineering, ChemicalBachelor's degree
Engineering, CivilBachelor's degree
Engineering, ElectricalBachelor's degree
Engineering, ElectromechanicalBachelor's degree
Engineering, EnvironmentalBachelor's degree
Engineering, GeologicalBachelor's degree
Engineering, IndustrialBachelor's degree
Engineering, MechanicalBachelor's degree
Engineering, NuclearBachelor's degree
Engineering, PetroleumBachelor's degree
Environmental ScienceBachelor's degree
GeologyBachelor's degree
PhysicsBachelor's degree
Sustainable DevelopmentBachelor's degree
TechnologyBachelor's degree

 

Training for the Workplace
Building Environmental SystemsCertificate
Computer-aided Design (CAD)Certificate
Domestic Energy AssessmentCertificate
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC)Certificate
Photovoltaic InstallationCertificate
Radiation SafetyCertificate
Sustainable Building Design and ConstructionCertificate
Welder FitterCertificate