SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Construction
Specialist High Skills Majors

SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Construction

The SHSM–Construction enables students to build a foundation of sector-focused knowledge and skills before entering apprenticeship training, college, university, or an entry-level position in the workplace.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

For local labour market opportunities in the sector, see your local SHSM contact at the board office.

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INSIGHT

The requirements of this SHSM are unique and are geared to the construction sector. However, the design of all SHSM programs follows a consistent model, described in Section A: Policy.

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Required Components for the SHSM–Construction

The SHSM–Construction has the following five required components:

1. A bundle of 10 Grade 11 and Grade 12 credits

These credits make up the bundle:

  • four construction major credits that provide sector-specific knowledge and skills. The four courses must include at least one Grade 11 and one Grade 12 credit, and may include one cooperative education credit related to the sector. (This cooperative education credit would be additional to the two that are required in the bundle; see below);
  • four other required credits from the Ontario curriculum, in each of which some expectations must be met through a contextualized learning activity (CLA) for the construction sector.
  • For the apprenticeship training, college, and university pathways, the four credits include:

    • one in English;1
    • two in mathematics (one credit must be in Grade 12 and both credits must include a CLA); and
    • one in science or business studies (or a cooperative education credit related to the sector, which would be additional to the two cooperative education credits required in the bundle; see below);

    For the workplace pathway, the four credits include:

    • two in English (one credit must be in Grade 12 and both credits must include a CLA);1
    • one in mathematics; and
    • one in science or business studies (or a cooperative education credit related to the sector, which would be additional to the two cooperative education credits required in the bundle; see below);
  • two cooperative education credits that provide authentic learning experiences in a workplace setting, enabling students to refine, extend, apply, and practise sector-specific knowledge and skills.

1. Note that a compulsory English credit is required in Grade 11 and in Grade 12 for graduation with an OSSD. Schools may determine whether the CLA, required for the SHSM bundle of credits, is completed in the Grade 11 or Grade 12 English course.

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See Section A1.2 for more on SHSM credits.



Credits
Apprenticeship Training
Grades 11–12

College
Grades 11–12

University
Grades 11–12

Workplace
Grades 11–12
Major Credits
One credit may be substituted with a cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
English including a CLA in each credit 1 1 1 2
One credit must be in Gr. 12
Mathematics including a CLA in each credit 2
One credit must in Gr. 12
2
One credit must in Gr. 12
2
One credit must in Gr. 12
1
Business Studies or Science including a CLA
May be substituted with 1 cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
1 1 1 1
Cooperative Education 2 2 2 2
Total number of credits 10 10 10 10

Note: Multiple credits in the Ontario technological education curriculum allow additional instructional time for the practice and refinement of skills needed to develop student performance to the levels required for certification, entry into apprenticeship programs, or participation in school–work transition programs (see The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Technological Education, 2009, page 17).

2. Sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs

This SHSM sector requires students to complete a specified number of compulsory and elective sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs, as indicated in the following table. NOTE: Where an item in the table is capitalized, it is the proper name of the specific certification or training course/program that is appropriate for the SHSM. Where an item is lowercased, it is the name of an area, type, or category of training for which specific certifications or training courses/programs should be selected by the school or board. The requirements are summarized in the table below.

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See Section A1.3 for more on SHSM certifications and training.

Five (5) compulsory
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Level C – includes automated external defibrillation (AED) health and safety – basic Standard First Aid Working at Heights Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – generic (i.e., not site-specific) instruction
Two (2) electives from the list below
basic electrical safety Canadian Welding Bureau (CWB) – flat chainsaw safety computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
confined space awareness customer service elevated work platforms energy efficiency training (e.g., Energy Star, LEED)
fall protection fire safety and fire extinguisher use hoisting and rigging Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship (ICE)
insulated concrete forming land surveying basics leadership skills lockout/tagging
ozone-depletion prevention portfolio development powder-actuated tools project management
propane in construction scaffold safety sector-specific vehicle operation and safety specialized skills training program/competition (e.g., Skills Canada provincial level, WoodLINKS)
suspended access equipment traffic control trenching safety

3. Experiential learning and career exploration activities

Experiential learning and career exploration opportunities relevant to the sector might include the following:

  • one-on-one observation of a cooperative education student at a placement in the construction sector (an example of job twinning)
  • a day-long observation of a skilled tradesperson in the construction sector (an example of job shadowing)
  • a one- or two-week work experience with an individual employed in the construction sector (an example of work experience)
  • participation in a local, provincial, or national Skills Canada competition
  • a tour of a municipal planning department
  • attendance at a construction sector trade show, conference, or job fair
  • a volunteer experience with a non-profit organization such as Habitat for Humanity
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See Section A1.4 for more on experiential learning and career exploration activities.

POLICY

Note that volunteer activities in an SHSM cannot be counted towards the hours of community involvement required to earn the OSSD.

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4. Reach ahead experiences

Students are provided one or more reach ahead experiences – opportunities to take the next steps along their chosen pathway – as shown in the following examples:

  • Apprenticeship: visiting an approved apprenticeship delivery agent in the sector
  • College: interviewing a college student enrolled in a sector-specific program
  • University: observing a university class in a sector-related program
  • Workplace: interviewing an employee in the sector
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See Section A1.5 for more on reach ahead experiences.

5. Essential Skills and work habits and the Ontario Skills Passport (OSP)

Students will develop Essential Skills and work habits required in the sector and document them using the OSP, a component of the SHSM.

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See Section A1.6 for more on Essential Skills and work habits.

Pathways for the SHSM–Construction

See the table illustrating the four pathways and required credits leading to completion of this SHSM.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

Visit the ministry's SHSM website for related resources.

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Awareness building (Grades 7 and 8)

See Section B3.4 for information on building awareness of SHSM programs among students in Grades 7 and 8.

Exploration (Grades 9 and 10)

See Section B3.4 for information on providing Grade 9 and 10 students with opportunities for exploration of SHSM programs. In addition, students considering this SHSM can be encouraged to enrol in the following courses to become better informed about careers and postsecondary options in the sector:

  • Exploring Technologies: This Grade 9 course is recommended for all students following SHSM pathways that have a technological education focus. The course provides students with opportunities to explore a variety of technologies, including construction technology, by engaging in activities related to them.
  • Career Studies (compulsory) and Discovering the Workplace: Some of the expectations in these Grade 10 courses provide opportunities for students to explore occupations and other postsecondary options in the sector and to participate in experiential learning activities.
  • Construction Technology: This course is recommended for any Grade 10 student who is considering enrolling in an SHSM–Construction program.

Specialization (Grades 11 and 12)

Students acquire the sector-specific knowledge and skills required to earn their Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with an SHSM–Construction by completing its five required components. Students and their parents/guardians are encouraged to consult with guidance counsellors and teachers to select the courses that will enable students to pursue their goals.

Students pursuing an apprenticeship pathway should consider the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP), which enables them to start an apprenticeship while earning their OSSD.

Students pursuing a university pathway are advised to complete their required cooperative education credits in Grade 11, in order to allow room in their timetables in Grade 12 for credits needed to meet university entrance requirements.

When helping students plan their SHSMs, particularly with respect to the selection of courses to fulfil the requirement for credits in the major, teachers should bear in mind that technological education courses can be offered as single-credit or multiple-credit courses.

Program Pathways: SHSM–Construction

This template shows program requirements for the SHSM–Construction in Grades 11 and 12, along with some of the additional credits needed for an OSSD. It is provided to help guide students in choosing the credits they need to meet the SHSM requirements in the pathway of their choice. Students should always review their pathways plan with their parents/guardians and their teachers to ensure that they have all the credits they need to graduate with an SHSM–Construction.

  • Shaded boxes represent required credits in the bundle for the SHSM–Construction.
  • (C) represents a compulsory credit for the OSSD.
  • The SHSM bundle of credits must include two cooperative education credits, but may include a maximum of four. The possible options are noted below, and explained fully in Section A1.2 of this guide.
Apprenticeship Training Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
College Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
University Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
Workplace Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
2 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
2 math credits (C)*
(One credit must be in Gr. 12)
2 math credits (C)*
(One credit must be in Gr. 12)
2 math credits (C)*
(One credit must be in Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 business studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 construction major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 construction major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 construction major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 construction major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11)
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12)

* A contextualized learning activity (CLA) must be included in the course. (Note that students must take Grade 11 and Grade 12 English to graduate with an OSSD, but schools may choose to offer the CLA in either grade.) (For the apprenticeship training, college and university pathways, both math credits must include a CLA. For the workplace pathway, both English credits must include a CLA.)

** May be taken the summer before Grade 11

Note: To guide students and teachers in the development of their SHSM program, schools can access the latest approved SHSM course list for each sector through their SHSM board lead.

Occupations in the Construction Sector

The following table provides examples of occupations in the construction sector, with corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, sorted according to the type of postsecondary education or training the occupations would normally require.

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See Section A1.6 for more on occupations and NOC codes.

Apprenticeship Training College
  • Brick and Stone Mason 7281
  • Carpenter 7271
  • Construction Millwright 7311
  • Electrician 7241
  • Heating and Air Conditioning Contractor 7313
  • Painter and Decorator 7294
  • Plumber 7251
  • Roofer 7291
  • Architectural Design Technician/Technologist 2251
  • Civil Engineering Technologist 2231
  • Construction Estimator 2234
  • Construction Manager 0711
  • Construction Technologist 2231
  • Contractor and Supervisor – Electrical Trades and Telecommunications 7212
  • Home Inspector 2264
  • Interior Designer 5242
  • Residential Home Builder or Renovator 0712
University Workplace
  • Architect 2151
  • Electrical Engineer 2133
  • Mechanical Engineer 2132
  • Structural Engineer 2131
  • Carpenter Helper 7611
  • Concrete Finisher 7282
  • Construction Trades Helper and Labourer 7611
  • Demolition Worker 7611
  • Drywall Installer 7611
  • Helper – Construction Trades 7611
  • Home Renovator 0712

Note: This information is based on the 2006 NOC. An update to the NOC in 2011 resulted in changes to the codes and titles for many occupations, and in some cases to the occupations included in the group. For more detail, refer to the NOC website. Ontario Job Futures uses information based on the 2006 NOC. (Note also that some of the names of occupations listed here reflect common usage in the sector and may differ slightly from those used in the NOC system.)

Postsecondary Programs and Training in the Construction Sector

The following are examples of programs and training related to careers in the construction sector and the accreditations associated with each.

Apprenticeship Training
Brick and Stone Mason Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Concrete Finisher Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Construction and Maintenance Electrician Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Construction Craft Worker Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Construction Millwright Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Drywall, Acoustic, and Lathing Applicator Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
General Carpenter Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Plumber Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems Mechanic Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Sheet Metal Worker Certificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification

 

College
Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Technician
Diploma
Applied Technology – Construction and Environment: Regulations and Compliance Bachelor's degree
Applied Technology – Construction Science and Management Bachelor's degree
Architectural Technician Diploma
Architectural Technology Advanced diploma
Building Inspection Technician Diploma
Construction Engineering Technology Advanced diploma
Electrical Engineering Technician – Industrial Diploma
Electrical Power Generation Diploma
Electrical Techniques Diploma
Fire Protection Engineering Technician Diploma

 

University
Civil Engineering Bachelor's degree, honours
Electrical Engineering Bachelor's degree, honours
Industrial Engineering Bachelor's degree, honours
Mechanical Engineering Bachelor's degree, honours

 

Training for the Workplace
Construction Techniques Certificate
Gas Metal Arc Welding Certificate
Mechanical Techniques – Construction Certificate
Mechanical Techniques – CNC/CAD/CAM Specialist Certificate
Mechanical Techniques – Design Certificate
Welding Techniques Certificate