SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Aviation and Aerospace
Specialist High Skills Majors

SHSM Policy and Implementation Guide – Aviation and Aerospace

The ever-changing nature of aviation and aerospace, the complexity of supply chain dynamics, and the accelerated pace of change in the aerospace sector provide a variety of career opportunities for Ontario students.

Core industries in this sector include:

  • maintenance, repair, and overhaul services for aircraft, engines, avionics, systems, and equipment
  • design and manufacturing of commercial aircraft, engines, systems, avionics, equipment, and components
  • flight operations (e.g., pilot training, airport services, air traffic control, and space and equipment handling)

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

For local labour market opportunities in the sector, see your local SHSM contact at the board office.

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INSIGHT

The requirements of this SHSM are unique and are geared to the aviation and aerospace sector. However, the design of all SHSM programs follows a consistent model, described in Section A: Policy.

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Required Components for the SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace

The SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace has the following five required components:

1. A bundle of nine Grade 11 and Grade 12 credits

These credits make up the bundle:

  • four aviation and aerospace major credits that provide sector-specific knowledge and skills. The four courses must include at least one Grade 11 and one Grade 12 credit, and may include one cooperative education credit related to the sector. (This cooperative education credit would be additional to the two that are required in the bundle; see below);
  • three other required credits from the Ontario curriculum, in each of which some expectations must be met through a contextualized learning activity (CLA) for the aviation and aerospace sector. The three credits include
    • one in English;1
    • one in mathematics; and
    • one in business studies or Canadian and world studies or science (or a cooperative education credit related to the sector, which would be additional to the two cooperative education credits required in the bundle; see below);
  • two cooperative education credits that provide authentic learning experiences in a workplace setting, enabling students to refine, extend, apply, and practise sector-specific knowledge and skills.

1. Note that a compulsory English credit is required in Grade 11 and in Grade 12 for graduation with an OSSD. Schools may determine whether the CLA, required for the SHSM bundle of credits, is completed in the Grade 11 or Grade 12 English course.

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See Section A1.2 for more on SHSM credits.



Credits
Apprenticeship Training
Grades 11–12

College
Grades 11–12

University
Grades 11–12

Workplace
Grades 11–12
Major Credits
One credit may be substituted with a cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
4
Including at least
one Gr. 11 and
one Gr. 12 credit
English including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Mathematics including a CLA 1 1 1 1
Canadian and World Studies or
Business Studies or Science
including a CLA
May be substituted with 1 cooperative education credit (additional to the 2 required co-op credits)
1 1 1 1
Cooperative Education 2 2 2 2
Total number of credits 9 9 9 9

Note: Multiple credits in the Ontario technological education curriculum allow additional instructional time for the practice and refinement of skills needed to develop student performance to the levels required for certification, entry into apprenticeship programs, or participation in school–work transition programs (see The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Technological Education, 2009, page 17).

2. Sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs

This SHSM sector requires students to complete a specified number of compulsory and elective sector-recognized certifications and/or training courses/programs, as indicated in the following table. NOTE: Where an item in the table is capitalized, it is the proper name of the specific certification or training course/program that is appropriate for the SHSM. Where an item is lowercased, it is the name of an area, type, or category of training for which specific certifications or training courses/programs should be selected by the school or board. The requirements are summarized in the table below.

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See Section A1.3 for more on SHSM certifications and training.

Three (3) compulsory
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Level C – includes automated external defibrillation (AED) Standard First Aid Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – generic (i.e., not site-specific) instruction
Four (4) electives from the list below
basic electrical safety compass/map/global positioning system (GPS) computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) confined space awareness customer service
elevated work platforms environmental compliance environmental spill ergonomics fall protection
fire safety and fire extinguisher use health and safety – basic Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship (ICE) leadership skills lockout/tagging
portfolio development project management propane safety sector-specific vehicle operation and safety transit security
Working at Heights        

3. Experiential learning and career exploration activities

Experiential learning and career exploration opportunities relevant to the sector might include the following:

  • one-on-one observation of a cooperative education student at a placement in the aviation and aerospace sector (an example of job twinning)
  • a day-long observation of an aviation and aerospace sector worker (e.g., turbine engine technician) (an example of job shadowing)
  • a one- or two-week work experience with a member of an industry association or a professional in the aviation and aerospace sector (e.g., aircraft maintenance engineer) (an example of work experience)
  • attendance at an aviation and aerospace sector trade show, a conference, a symposium, or a job fair
  • participation in a local, provincial, or national contest or competition with a focus on aviation and aerospace
  • a tour of a local aviation museum, air force base, airport, or manufacturing facility
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See Section A1.4 for more on experiential learning and career exploration activities.

POLICY

Note that volunteer activities in an SHSM cannot be counted towards the hours of community involvement required to earn the OSSD.

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4. Reach ahead experiences

Students are provided one or more reach ahead experiences – opportunities to take the next steps along their chosen pathway – as shown in the following examples:

  • Apprenticeship: visiting an approved apprenticeship delivery agent in the sector
  • College: interviewing a college student enrolled in a sector-specific program
  • University: observing a university class in a sector-related program
  • Workplace: interviewing an employee in the sector
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See Section A1.5 for more on reach ahead experiences.

5. Essential Skills and work habits and the Ontario Skills Passport (OSP)

Students will develop Essential Skills and work habits required in the sector and document them using the OSP, a component of the SHSM.

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See Section A1.6 for more on Essential Skills and work habits.

Pathways for the SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace

See the table illustrating the four pathways and required credits leading to completion of the SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

Visit the ministry's SHSM website for related resources.

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Awareness building (Grades 7 and 8)

See Section B3.4 for information on building awareness of SHSM programs among students in Grades 7 and 8.

Exploration (Grades 9 and 10)

See Section B3.4 for information on providing Grade 9 and 10 students with opportunities for exploration of SHSM programs. In addition, students considering this SHSM can be encouraged to enrol in the following courses to become better informed about careers and postsecondary options in the sector:

  • Exploring Technologies: This Grade 9 course is recommended for all students following SHSM pathways that have a technological education focus. The course provides students with opportunities to explore a variety of technologies, including aviation and aerospace technology, by engaging in activities related to them.
  • Career Studies (compulsory) and Discovering the Workplace: Some of the expectations in these Grade 10 courses provide opportunities for students to explore occupations and other postsecondary options in the sector and to participate in experiential learning activities.
  • Transportation Technology: This course is recommended for any Grade 10 student who is considering enrolling in an SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace program. The course provides students with opportunities to explore the sector, identify personal interests and aptitudes, and investigate the program.

Specialization (Grades 11 and 12)

Students acquire the sector-specific knowledge and technical skills required to earn their Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with an SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace by completing its five required components. Students and their parents/guardians are encouraged to consult with guidance counsellors and teachers to select the courses that will enable students to pursue their goals.

Students pursuing an apprenticeship training pathway should consider the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP), which enables them to start an apprenticeship while earning their OSSD.

Students pursuing a university pathway are advised to complete their required cooperative education credits in Grade 11, in order to allow room in their timetables in Grade 12 for credits needed to meet university entrance requirements.

When helping students plan their SHSMs, particularly with respect to the selection of courses to fulfil the requirement for credits in the major, teachers should bear in mind that technological education courses can be offered as single-credit or multiple-credit courses.

Program Pathways: SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace

This template shows program requirements for the SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace in Grades 11 and 12, along with some of the additional credits needed for an OSSD. It is provided to help guide students in choosing the credits they need to meet the SHSM requirements in the pathway of their choice. Students should always review their pathways plan with their parents/guardians and their teachers to ensure that they have all the credits they need to graduate with an SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace.

  • Shaded boxes represent required credits in the bundle for the SHSM–Aviation and Aerospace.
  • (C) represents a compulsory credit for the OSSD.
  • The SHSM bundle of credits must include two cooperative education credits, but may include a maximum of four. The possible options are noted below, and explained fully in Section A1.2 of this guide.
Apprenticeship Training Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
College Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
University Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
Workplace Pathway
Specialization
Grades 11–12
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 English credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 math credit (C)*
(in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
1 business studies* or Canadian and world studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or Canadian and world studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or Canadian and world studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
1 business studies* or Canadian and world studies* or science credit* (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted.
4 aviation and aerospace major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 aviation and aerospace major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 aviation and aerospace major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
4 aviation and aerospace major credits (including a Gr. 11 and a Gr. 12 credit)
A cooperative education credit related to the sector may be substituted for one of these four credits.
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 cooperative education credits related to the sector (in either Gr. 11 or Gr. 12)**
May be used as (C) credits
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 11)
2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12) 2 optional or compulsory credits (Gr. 12)

* A contextualized learning activity (CLA) must be included in the course. (Note that students must take Grade 11 and Grade 12 English to graduate with an OSSD, but schools may choose to offer the CLA in either grade.)

** May be taken the summer before Grade 11

Note: To guide students and teachers in the development of their SHSM program, schools can access the latest approved SHSM course list for each sector through their SHSM board lead.

Occupations in the Aviation and Aerospace Sector

The following table provides examples of occupations in the aviation and aerospace sector, with corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, sorted according to the type of postsecondary education or training the occupations would normally require. Many of the careers listed below can be obtained by following several different pathways. For example, "Air Pilot" appears under the college pathway but may also be achieved by following the university or workplace pathway.

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See Section A1.6 for more on occupations and NOC codes.

Apprenticeship Training College
  • Aircraft Instrument, Electrical, and Avionics Mechanic, Technician, and Inspector 2244
  • Aircraft Sheet Metal Technician 7261
  • Aircraft Mechanic and Aircraft Inspector 7315
  • Aircraft Welder 7265
  • Aviation Machinist 7231
  • Aircraft Instruments, Electrical and Avionics Mechanics, Technicians and Inspectors 2244
  • Air Pilot, Flight Engineer, and Flying Instructor 2271
  • Air Traffic Controller and Related Occupations 2272
  • Electronic Service Technician 2242
  • Mechanical Engineering Technologist and Technician 2232
  • Metal Fabricator Fitter 7263
  • Meteorological Technician 2213
  • Non-destructive Tester and Inspector 2261
  • Quality Control Technician 2233
University Workplace
  • Aerospace Engineer 2146
  • Avionics Engineer 2133
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineer 2141
  • Mechanical Engineer 2132
  • Air Traffic Controller 2272
  • Air Transport Ramp Attendant 7437
  • Aircraft Assembler and Aircraft Assembly Inspector 9481
  • Airline Sales and Service Agent 6433
  • Material Handler 7452
  • Transportation and Crew Scheduler 1476

Note: This information is based on the 2006 NOC. An update to the NOC in 2011 resulted in changes to the codes and titles for many occupations, and in some cases to the occupations included in the group. For more detail, refer to the NOC website. Ontario Job Futures uses information based on the 2006 NOC. (Note also that some of the names of occupations listed here reflect common usage in the sector and may differ slightly from those used in the NOC system.)

Postsecondary Programs and Training in the Aviation and Aerospace Sector

INSIGHT

Transport Canada is the primary governing body for aviation maintenance engineer (AME) licensing in Canada.

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The following are examples of programs and training related to careers in the aviation and aerospace sector and the accreditations associated with each.

Apprenticeship Training
Aircraft Instrument, Electrical and Avionics MechanicCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification
Aviation MachinistCertificate of apprenticeship/certificate of qualification

 

College
Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Repair and
Overhaul Technician
Diploma
Aircraft Maintenance TechnicianDiploma
Aircraft Structures TechnicianDiploma
Aviation – General Arts and ScienceDiploma
Aviation ManagementDiploma
Flight Simulator TechnicianDiploma

 

University
Aerospace EngineerBachelor's degree
Electrical EngineerBachelor's degree
Industrial and Manufacturing EngineerBachelor's degree
Mechanical EngineerBachelor's degree
Technical ManagerBachelor's degree

 

Training for the Workplace
Air Traffic Controller Licence
Aircraft Assembler Certificate
Aircraft De-icer Certificate
Aircraft Interior Technician Certificate
Airline Sales and Service Agent Certificate
Airport Maintenance Certificate
Airport Security Certificate
Aircraft Structures Technician Composites Certificate
Aviation Painter Certificate
Flight Attendant Certificate
Flight Dispatcher Licence
Flight Service Specialist Licence
Pilot Certificate
Ramp Attendant Certificate