Healthy Schools: Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

Sabrina's Law (Bill 3)

Q. What is anaphylaxis?

A. Sabrina's Law defines "anaphylaxis" as an allergic reaction which is severe and systemic and which can be fatal. It results in circulatory collapse or shock.

Q. What will School Board policies include?

A. The policy must address: (1) strategies that reduce the risk of exposure to anaphylactic causative agents in classrooms and common school area; (2) a communication plan; (3) regular training; (4) individual plans for anaphylactic pupils; (5) requests for information on life-threatening allergies at registration; (6) maintaining a file for each anaphylactic pupil.

Q. What is an "individual plan" for a pupil with anaphylaxis?

A. Individual plans shall be consistent with the School Board's policy and shall include:

  • Details informing employees and others who are in direct contact with pupils on a regular basis of the type of allergy, monitoring and avoidance strategies and appropriate treatment;
  • A readily accessible emergency procedure for the pupil, including emergency contact information; and,
  • Storage for epinephrine auto-injectors, where necessary.

Q. How will the school know that a pupil is anaphylactic?

A. Parents/guardians and/or pupils may advise the school at any time that the pupil is anaphylactic. Sabrina's Law also requires Principals to ensure parent/guardians and pupils are asked to supply information on life-threatening allergies.

Q. If a pupil is experiencing an anaphylactic reaction, is consent necessary before administering an epinephrine auto-injector?

A. Pre-authorization to administer an epinephrine auto-injector can been obtained if a school has up-to-date treatment information and the consent of the pupil, parent or guardian, as applicable. (subsection 3(1)) Even if no pre-authorization has been obtained, an employee may administer an epinephrine auto-injector if, "an employee has reason to believe that a pupil is experiencing an anaphylactic reaction."