Publicly funded education in Ontario is delivered through a decentralized system of school boards established by the provincial legislature to administer the education system at the operational level. The Ministry of Education is responsible for providing the regulatory and policy framework within which school boards exercise their responsibility. The Education Act and the regulations made under it establish school boards as independent corporations that are governed by elected trustees. The Act and regulations also set out various duties of boards which include establishing policies and committees of the school board including the legal obligations of school boards regarding the provision of special education programs and services. School boards are also responsible for establishing Special Education Advisory Committees (SEACs) and the regulation made under the Education Act sets out the requirements for that committee.
Find out more about special education in Ontario and the roles and requirements of SEACs below.