A fire drill must be conducted at least once a month.
A place of emergency shelter must be designated in the event the day nursery is evacuated.
An emergency evacuation procedure must be posted in a conspicuous place in each room.
A written record must be kept of all fire drills, all tests of the fire alarm system (e. g. smoke alarms or sprinkler system) and all tests of fire protection equipment (e. g. fire extinguishers).
Each record must be retained for at least two years from the date of the drill and test.
Written fire procedures approved by the local fire department must specify each staff memberís duties in the event of a fire.
Each staff member must be instructed as to his/her responsibilities in the event of a fire before commencing employment.
Written fire procedures must be posted in a conspicuous place in each room.
General safety features
Keep a first aid kit in an easily accessible location out of reach of children. All staff should be aware of its location. Check contents regularly to replenish it or replace out of date products.
GOOD PRACTICE Designate a specific person and a substitute who will be in charge of checking first aid kits on a regular basis.
Daily health check
Check surroundings for potential hazards. The following are a few examples of actions to be taken:
- cover electrical outlets with proper CSA approved covers;
- protect children from sharp edges on walls and furnishings;
- add covers over door hinges;
- keep all telephone lines and blind cords out of the reach of children.
Communicable Disease Reporting
A daily observation must be made of each child in attendance before he/she begins to associate with other children in order to detect possible symptoms of ill health.
Any symptoms of illness must be noted in the child's records and the child must be separated from the other children.
The Health Promotion and Protection Act requires a day nursery operator to report to the local medical officer of health when an enrolled child may have a reportable disease or may be infected with a communicable disease. The Day Nurseries Act requires operators to carry out any recommendations or instructions from the local medical officer of health.
The spread of disease or infestation may be reduced by following recommendations that help support healthy environments. Records should be kept of such occurrences and reported as required.
Arrangements must be made for an ill child to be taken home by his/her parent; if this is not possible or where the child requires immediate medical attention, he or she must be examined by a physician or a registered nurse.
Medication brought by parents for their child must be kept in a locked container in the room and inaccessible to children at all times. Medication that needs refrigeration must be kept in a locked box in a refrigerator. The key is not to be left in or on the box.
Medication must be administered in accordance with policies and procedures established by a physician or a registered nurse.
Medication can be administered only with a parentís written authorization.
One person must be in charge of all medications. Medications are dealt with by that person or his/her designate in accordance with written procedures.
Medication can be administered to a child only from the original container or package which is labelled with:
- the child's name;
- the name of the drug or medication;
- the dosage of the drug or medication;
- the date of purchase;
- instructions for storage and administration.
RATIONALE These provisions ensure that during the course of a full day, there is continuity between home and day care with respect to the childís medication.